Joseph Oatley (1756-1815) is #92 on my Ahnentafel list, my 4th great-grandfather, married in 1781 to Mary Hazard (1765-1857).
I am descended through:
* their son #46 Jonathan Oatley (1792-1872), who married #47 Amy Champlin (1798-1865 in 1813.
* their daughter, #23 Amy Frances Oatley (1826-1864) who married #22 Henry Arnold White (1824-1885) in 1848.
1) PERSON (with source citations as indicated in brackets):
* Name: Joseph Oatley[1–3]
* Sex: Male
* Father: Benedict Oatley (1732-1821)
* Mother: Elizabeth "Betsy" Ladd (1735-1814)
2) INDIVIDUAL EVENTS (with source citations as indicated in brackets):
* Birth: 17 July 1756, South Kingstown, Washington, Rhode Island, United States
* Military: from 1775 to 1780 (from about age 19 to about 24), in the Rhode Island militia for several periods between 1775 and 1780, according to the 1838 declaration of his widow in their Revolutionary War Pension file.; South Kingstown, Washington, Rhode Island, United States
* Census: 1 August 1790, South Kingstown, Wasghington, Rhode Island, United States
* Census: 1 June 1800, South Kingstown, Wasghington, Rhode Island, United States
* Census: 1 June 1810, South Kingstown, Wasghington, Rhode Island, United States
* Death: 29 November 1815 (age 59), South Kingstown, Washington, Rhode Island, United States
* Probate: 11 December 1815 (age 59), administratrix appointed; South Kingstown, Washington, Rhode Island, United States
3) SHARED EVENTS (with source citations as indicated in brackets):
* Spouse 1: Mary Hazard (1765-1857)
* Marriage 1: 29 January 1781 (age 24), South Kingstown, Washington, Rhode Island, United States[5–6]
* Child 1: Polly Oatley (1781-1796)
* Child 2: Hannah Oatley (1783- )
* Child 3: Betsy Oatley (1786-1811)
* Child 4: Nancy Oatley (1788-1873)
* Child 5: Rev. Jonathan Oatley (1790-1872)
* Child 6: Joseph Oatley (1793-1883)
* Child 7: Stephen Oatley (1796- )
* Child 8: Mary Oatley (1798-1873)
* Child 9: Benedict Oatley (1800-1811)
* Child 10: Susan Oatley (1803-1895)
* Child 11: Rouse Oatley (1806-1812)
4) NOTES (with source citations as indicated in brackets):
Joseph Oatley was born on 17 July 1756 in South Kingstown, the son of Benedict and Elizabeth (Ladd) Oatley.
Joseph Oatley appeared in the Rhode Island Military Census of 1777, from the town of South Kingstown, 16-50 age group, "able to serve." Joseph Oatley in service for self and father, Benedict Oatley 1775-1781, under Col. Babcock and Col. Lippitt, company of Capt. Stephen Babcock, Col. Noyes, and Charles Dyer.
Joseph and Mary were married in the Church of Christ in South Kingstown on 29 January 1781 by Rev. Dr. Joseph Torrey. There is a marriage declaration in the Revolutionary War Pension File for Joseph Oatley. It says:
"South Kingstown December 7th 1838
I hereby certify that I find Recorded on the Record Books of Marriage of the Revd Joseph Torry formerly Pastor of the Presbyterian Church in this Town the following marriage viz, 29th Day of twenty ninth day January Seventeen hundred and Eight one Joseph Oatly and Mary Hazard (daughter of Stephen) both of the Town were Lawfully married - 29th Jany 1781. a true Copy with the Exception of the Date in writing, the same being Expressed in fair [??] Legible figures in above written.
Thomas Vernon Minister of the Gospel & Stated Supply of the Presbyt Church in South Kings..
They had 11 children born between 1781 and 1806, all in South Kingstown.
In the 1790 U.S. Census for South Kingstown, Washington County, Rhode Island, the Joseph Oakly household included:
* one male over age 16
* one male under age 16
* five females
In the 1800 U.S. Census, the Joseph Oatly household in South Kingstown included:
* two males under age 10
* one male aged 10 to 15
* one male aged 26 to 45
* one female under age 10
* three females aged 10 to 15
* one female aged 26 to 45
In the 1810 U.S. Census for South Kingstown, Washington County, Rhode Island, the Joseph Oatley household included:
* two males under age 10
* one male aged 10 to 15
* one male aged 16 to 25
* one male over age 45
* one female under age 10
* one female aged 10 to 15
* one female aged 16 to 25
* one female over age 45
On 11 December 1815 the Town Council named his widow, Mary Oatley, to be the administratrix of his estate. She was ordered to levy, recover and receive all of the goods, chattels, rights and credits of Joseph Oatley, and to pay his just debts, and to render a true account of her administration.
An inventory of the personal estate of Joseph Oatley, yeoman of South Kingston, deceased, was appraised by Jonathan N. Potter, John W. Knowles and Daniel Steadman. The personal estate totaled $560.25. The inventory was presented to the Court by Mary Oatley and was approved by the Probate Court on 8 January 1816.
On 8 December 1817, Mary Oatley presented her account of the estate of her husband to the Probate Court. There were 31 accounts to be paid to creditors of Joseph Oatley. The account also included the typical probate charges. The account total owed was $745.11, or $184.36 more than the value of the personal estate. The Court accepted and recorded the account .
On 14 September 1818, Commissioners Jeremiah N. Potter and Thomas B. Hazard reported to the Probate Court on the debts still owed by the estate of Joseph Oatley. The total is not readable on the microfilm copy.
On 12 April 1819, Mary Oatley brought her account to the Probate Court with charges totaling $303.67. The sale of land generated $293 in cash which was used to pay off the debts and the charges of the estate.
Mary Oatley's filed for a Revolutionary War Pension after her husband's death in 1815. The declaration of her husband's military service in the Revolutionary War Pension File says:
"...I am the widow of Joseph Oatley who was a soldier in the War of the Revolution and served as a private & noncommissioned officer both in the Rhode Island continental line & militia. I have always understood from my husband said Oatley & others and now firmly believe that he my sd husband was at the commencement of the War of the Revolution at work by the month for George Brown Esq. late Lieut. Governor of Rhode Island that he was placed there by his Father Benedict Oatley contrary to my said husband's wishes. That he my sd husband left the service of sd. Brown some time in the summer of the year 1775 and enlisted in the service of the State of Rhode Island that he enlisted at Town Hall and was for a short time stationed at the bridge near the south ferry (so-called), and from thence was marched to Newport R.I. and stationed in that vicinity. They was either quartered or their head quarters was at the Dudley house in the town of Middletown a short distance from Newport. The Regiment was at first commanded by Vol. Henry Babcock but the Captain's name I do not now recollect nor can I tell the lengthy of his term of service. In the fall of 1776 my Father Stephen Hazard Esq. brought his family from Newport to this place (to wit So Kingstown) of my memory serves it was the day before the British took possession of sd Newport on our arrival at South Kingstown at South Kingstown my Father hired a house a short distance from the residence of Benedict Oatley the Father of my husband aforesaid Joseph Oatley this I think was in December 1776. At this time or soon after I will remember my husband said Oatley was doing duty in a Company of Militia guarding the shores against the enemy and well remember that he the sd Joseph & his Father sd Benedict were both in our company and for fear that both he and his Father should be drafted and as both could not both leave the family he sd Joseph agreed to volunteer his services provided his Father said Benedict should not be obliged to stand a draft and the arrangement was agreed to by the company & said Joseph did perform not only his own duty as required of him, by law. But all his Father's tours of duty when he sd Joseph was not on duty in the Continental or states service which kept him sd Joseph nearly all the time in the service of his country against the enemy either guarding the shores or any other military duty as I was younger at the time. I cannot state the particular tours of duty, their length or in what company, but as to his service nearly all the time I have no more doubt than I have of my existance my husband was in Sparrowes [???} Expedition was out and on duty more than one month at the time the Siren was cast away in the fall of 1777- was in Sulivan's expedition to Rhode Island was in the battles on sd Islands have often heard him relate the sufferings of the troop &c, their retreat &c, but do not recollect under whom he served at any time. I would also state that I have heard him my sd husband relate service he performed under Col. Christopher Green [??] & Major Ebenezer Flagg, have heard him relate the kindness & friendly attention he received from them when sick & his extream regret at their unfortunate and cruel death - but whether he was enlisted under them or was then serving in the Militia where they had this command, I cannot say. In the year 1780 in the month of July he my said husband enlisted in the service I believe for nine six months. I will remember the time I was then engaged to him & was to have him married early in the fall had he not enlisted. I also understood that he my said husband had more bounty allowed him than the others was Fifty silver dollars & to my husband said Oatley Sixty silver dollars, the reason of this allowance, I have always understood."
1. Harry J. Oatley, The Oatley Family in America and Their Descendants (Providence, R.I. : The Oatley Family Association, 1970), page 26, Joseph Oatley sketch.
2. "Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files," online database with digital images, Fold3.com (http://www.Fold3.com) : accessed 2011), original records in National Archives Publication M804, Pension File W 21,862, Joseph Oatley of South Kingstown, R.I., sheets 3 to 6 of 31, Mary Oatley's Pension Declaration.
3. South Kingstown (R.I.) Town Clerk, "Town Council Records, 1704-1943," (South Kingston, R.I.), on 8 microfilm reels, Volume 2, Pages 69, 73-74 and 143 on FHL Microfilm 0,931,837, Item 3), Joseph Oatley probate records.
4. South Kingstown (R.I.) Town Clerk, "Town Council Records, 1704-1943", Volume 2, Page 69, on FHL Microfilm 0,931,837, Item 3, unnumbered page, Joseph Oatley death entry.
5. Harry J. Oatley, The Oatley Family in America and Their Descendants, page 30, Joseph Oatley and Mary Hazard marriage entry.
6. "Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files," Fold3.com, Pension File W 21,862, Joseph Oatley of South Kingstown, R.I., sheet 13 of 31, Mary Oatley's Marriage Declaration.
7. 1790 United States Federal Census, Population Schedule, Washington County, Rhode Island, South Kingstown, page 105 (penned), Joseph Oakly household; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com); citing National Archives Microfilm Publication M637, Roll 10.
8. 1800 United States Federal Census, Population Schedule, Washington county, Rhode Island, South Kingstown, page 701 (stamped), Joseph Oatly household,; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com; citing National Archives Microfilm Publication M32, Roll 46.
9. 1810 United States Federal Census, Population Schedule, Washington County, Rhode Island, South Kingstown, page 89 (penned), Joseph Oatley household; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com); citing Natinoal Archives Microfilm Publication M292, Roll 59.
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