Monday, January 8, 2018

Amanuensis Monday - 1773 Probate Papers for Jabez Snow (1696-1760) Estate in Eastham, Mass.

This week's documents for Amanuensis Monday are the 1772/3 Account on Settlement of the Estate and dividend on Dower in the probate court records for the estate of Jabez Snow (1696-1760) late of Eastham, Barnstable County, Massachusetts:

*  Volume 17, page 59 (image 37 of 392), starting at top of right-hand page:

The transcription of this document is:

Barnstable Ss The Account of Willard Knowles adm^r on ^the third part of^ the Estate of Jabez
Snow late of Eastham in the County of Barnstable Gen^n Deceas^d
which was set off to his Relict widow in Dower who is since
deces^d. Said estate Represented Insolvent.

Your said Accountant chargeth himself with the said Third ?????? Sold
att vendue by Licence from the Hom^e Justice of the Court of Comon Pleas for said
County viz.

The house and Clear Land   £ 44 – 14 - 2
The Meadow      17 – 14 - 8
The Woodland      29 – 12 - 4
The half pew in the meeting house        4 – 18 - 8
To hire of the Meadow before it was sold        0 – 16 - 0

  £ 97 - 15 - 10

And your Accountant prays for an Allowance
for the following paments and Charges viz:

To one day taking Aminis^n 4/ paid the Judge 4/6   £ 0 -   8 - 6
To the apprisers 6/7 paid the Justicve for Swearing them 2/      0 -   8 - 0
To attending the appraisers 2/8 To their Expences 2/      0 -   4 - 0
To Journey & Expence to Yarm^o Court Prob 9/ paid ye Judge 2/      0 - 10 - 0
To Expence at Court to get Liberty to Sell the Land      0 -   6 - 0
To the Vendue Master 6/ Expence att Vendue 4/4      0 - 10 - 4
To two days measuring the woodland @ 4/ pr Day      0 -   8 - 0
To Petiton for sale of Land Certifate & ^t Dues & attendance      0 - 18 - 8
To Sundrie Copies of the former proceedings & List of Debts      0 -   7 - 8
To two Journeys to Barnstable Including this Time & Expence      1 -   0 - 8
To paying off y^e Creditors & Drawing Acc^s &c      2 – 17 - 0
To the Judge ??? 7/4 To the Reg^r 15/8      1 -    3 - 0
To the Hom. James Otis Esq^r Judge   £ 9 -    2 - 6
Of Probate &c Barnstable March 9, 1773                                            Ballance
   88 – 13 - 4

£ 97 - 15 -10
Errors Excepted pr Willard Knowles

Barnstable Ss By the Hon^e James Otis Esq^r Judge of Prob &C
Willard Knowles Esq^r Admin^r on one third part of the Real Estate of Jabez Snow late of
Eastham Gen^n Dec^d represented Insolvent presented the foregoing and made Oath that
it Contains a Just and true Account of his admin^n thereon which is Accepted & allowed
March 9 1773.                                   Exam^d Da^d Gorham Reg^r James Otis

Barnstable Ss. By the Hon^e James Otis Esq^r Judge of Probate &c for said County.

It appearing to me by the Account of Willard Knowles of Eastham Esq^r Administ^r
of that ^third^ part of the Estate of Jabez Snow late of said Estham Gen^n Dece^d which was Sett
off to his Relict widow ^in dower^ who is since deceas^d. That said Estate was Sold at Publick
Vendue by order from the Court of Comon Pleas with the use thereof for the Sum of
ninety seven pounds fifteen shillings & Ten pence, and the Charges of
Administr & Selling &c amounts to the Sum of Nine pounds two Shillings
and six pence and the Debts due to the Creditors to said Estate appears
by the Comiss Report amounts to the sum of two hundred Eighty pounds
and four pence and also it appears by the Records in the Probate Office
that the former Executor paid Creditors the Ballance of his Acc^o amounting
two hundred twelve pounds six shillings and Eleaven pence so that
there there Remains due to said Creditors Anno 1761 the Sum of Sixty
seven pounds thirteen shillings & five pence which Sum with the Interest
since added thereto amounts to the sum of One hundred and Twelve pounds so
that said Estate will bear to pay the said Creditors no more than the sum of Six shil-
lings and four pence upon the pound of their Respective Debts & Interest more than
thet have already had.

I Do therefore proportion said Ballance and remaining Estate among the Creditors
accordingly and order the said administrator to pay to the said Creditors Six Shillings
and four pound more of the Debts to them respectively owing as appears by the
Comissioners Report & List of Debts hereto Annexed.

Given under my hand & seal of office Dated att Barnstable March 9 1773    James Otis
                               Record & Compaired pr Da^d Gorham Reg^r

The source citation for this record is:

Massachusetts, Wills and Probate Records, 1635-1991, indexed database with digital images, (, Barnstable County, "Probate Records, Vol 17-18, 1769-1783,: Volume 17, page 59 (image 37 of 392), Jabez Snow, 1772/3 Account of Settlement and Dower Dividend.

Jabez Snow and Elizabeth Paine (1702-1772) married in 1720 in Eastham, Massachusetts, and resided there for the remainder of their lives.  They had six children alive at the time Jabez wrote his will on 31 July 1760.  He died on 6 September 1760 and his wife Elizabeth died in 1772.  Elizabeth and their six living children were named in the will of Jabez Snow; the only married daughter at the time was Eunice Horting [Horton].

The will and inventory were transcribed in  Amanuensis Monday - Post 319: Probate Records of Jabez Snow (1696-1760) of Eastham, Mass.  The will is very simple - one third to the wife and the rest bequeathed to the six children.  The will of Jabez Snow was proved in the Barnstable Probate Court on 17 March 1761, and the Inventory was filed and approved on 9 May 1761.  

The probate records in this post were available on but were not indexed.  I recently checked the Probate Index for Barnstable County and found these records that explain a lot more of what happened to the estate.  In Amanuensis Monday - 1761 Probate Papers for Jabez Snow (1696-1760) Estate in Eastham, Mass., I transcribed the Dower document, and the widow's one third portion of the real estate was set off by the committee.  In the Insolvency Report, the commissioners listed the debts owed by Jabez Snow to his creditors, totaling £282 0s 4d..  In the Account, the executor listed the income collected (£282 5s 6d), including the real estate sold at auction.  He also listed the charges, fees and other expenses incurred during his administration (£69 18s 1d).  The remaining estate was thus £212 6s 11d payable to the creditors.  In the Dividend, the Probate Court Judge ordered that the creditors be paid 15 shillings and 2 pence on the pound (about 75% of that owed) from the remaining estate.

Note that the executor sold off the two-thirds of the real estate that was bequeathed by Jabez Snow to his heirs, and charged himself with the personal estate.  It is very likely that the executor and his siblings bought at least some of the real property and all of the personal property in order to keep the house lot and other lands in the family.  The widow received a portion of the dwelling house and other lands.

In the present document, when the wife of Jabez Snow died in 1772, her one-third of the real property had to be sold at auction and the creditors paid up to what they were owed.  The sale amount, less the administrator's charges and payments, amounted to £ 88 13s 4p.  The Probate Court ordered the administrator to pay off the creditors at the rate of 6 shillings 4 pence to the pound.  Thus, the estate file was completed.  The creditors took a small loss of the money they were owed by the estate.

Jabez and Elizabeth (Paine) Snow are my 6th great-grandparents.  Their eldest child, daughter Eunice (Snow) Horton, who married Nathaniel Horton in 1742, is my 5th great-grandmother.  


NOTE:  Genea-blogger John Newmark (who writes the excellent  TransylvanianDutch blog) started a Monday blog theme years ago called "Amanuensis Monday."  John offers this definition for "amanuensis:"

"A person employed to write what another dictates or to copy what has been written by another."

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1 comment:

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