Frederick Sovereen (1786-1875) is #124 on my Ahnentafel list, my 4th great-grandfather, who married #125 Mary Jane Hutchison (1792-1868) in 1810.
I am descended through:
* their son, #62 Alexander Sovereen (1814-1907 who married #63 Elizabeth Putman (1818-1895) in 1840,
* their daughter, #31 Mary Jane Sovereen (1844-1874) who married #30 James Abraham Kemp (1831-1902) in 1861.
* their daughter, Gerogianna Kemp (1868-1952) who married #14 Charles Auble (1849-1916) in 1898.
* their daughter #7 Emily Kemp Auble (1899-1977) who married #6 Lyle Lawrence Carringer in 1918.
* their daughter, #3 Betty Virginia Carringer (1919-2002), who married #2 Frederick Walton Seaver (1911-1983) in 1942.
1) PERSON (with source citations as indicated in brackets):
* Name: Frederick Sovereen[1–5]
* Alternate Name: Frederick Zavering
* Alternate Name: Frederick Sovereign
* Sex: Male
* Father: Jacob Sovereign (1759-1845)
* Mother: Elizabeth Pickle (1764-1849)
2) INDIVIDUAL EVENTS (with source citations as indicated in brackets):
* Birth: 14 February 1786 New Germantown, Hunterdon, New Jersey, United States
* Baptism: 16 April 1786 (age 0), New Germantown, Hunterdon, New Jersey, United States
* Census : 1 April 1851 (age 65), Windham, Norfolk, Ontario, Canada
* Census: 1 April 1861 (age 75), Windham, Norfolk, Ontario, Canada
* Census: 1 April 1871 (age 85), Windham, Norfolk, Ontario, Canada
* Death: 14 June 1875 (age 89), Middleton, Norfolk, Ontario, Canada
* Probate: 19 July 1875 (age 89), Windham, Norfolk, Ontario, Canada
3) SHARED EVENTS (with source citations as indicated in brackets):
* Spouse 1: Mary Jane Hutchison (1792-1868)
* Marriage 1: 17 May 1810 (age 24), London, Middlesex, Ontario, Canada
* Child 1: William Lewis Sovereign (1811-1892)
* Child 2: Mary Catherine Sovereign (1813- )
* Child 3: Alexander Sovereen (1814-1907)
* Child 4: Jacob Sovereign (1817-1909)
4) NOTES (with source citations as indicated in brackets):
The entry in the Zion Lutheran Church book in New Germantown, Hunterdon County, Frederick Sovereen was born 14 February 1786 and baptized on 16 April 1786, son of Jacob and Elizabeth "Zavering" with witnesses Frederick "Zavering" and wife.
He married, on 17 May 1810 in London, Ontario, to Mary Jane Hutchison, daughter of William and Catherine (Lewis) Hutchison). The marriage entry in the list of "Early London District Marriages" says:
"17 May 1810. Frederick Sovereen Jr. of Charlotteville, yeoman and Mary Jane Hutchison of Walsingham, spinster, by Thomas Welch JP. Witnesses-John Backhouse, Cornelius Dedrick, James Hutchison, John Backhouse and Ephraim C. Mitchell."
Frederick and Mary Jane (Hutchison) Sovereen had four children born between 1811 and 1817, all born in Norfolk County, Ontario.
A description of the life of Frederick Sovereign is provided in the book Pioneer Sketches of Long Point Settlement by E.A. Owen. This book describes the settling and building of Norfolk County, Ontario, mostly by Loyalist immigrants from the United States. The section on Frederick reads:
"Frederick Sovereign, eldest son of Jacob, married Jane, daughter of Captain William Hutchinson, and settled on Lot 47, 1st concession, N.T.S. Middleton, about the time of the War of 1812, thus becoming one of the original pioneers of that township. This lot cost about $40.00 in addition to the settling duties. It adjoins on the north, and partly includes, the village of Delhi. Later on Mr. Sovereign purchased the north half of the lot lying directly opposite on the south side of Talbot Street. This 100 acres cost about $600.00, and put "Uncle Frederick" in possession of all the land on which the village is built, except that portion lying in Windham, which was owned and settled upon by Joseph Lawson a little time before Mr. Sovereign settled on his land. Uncle Frederick had made his purchase, however, and had performed settling duties before Mr. Lawson came; he is justly entitled therefore, to the honor of being the first to locate a house in the village he laid out and founded, and which was named after him. Fredericksburg it was called for many years, and when the Post-office was changed to 'Delhi', the old people at that time never could become reconciled to the new name, and they clung to 'The Burg' as long as they lived. 'Uncle Frederick' kept a tavern in Fredericksburg for more than thirty years."
"He was a great deer hunter, and in the early settlement his table was always plentifully supplied with venison and other wild game. On one occasion he witnessed an interesting fight between a herd of swine and a huge black bear. The hogs were his own and were running in the woods on the opposite side of the creek just north of the village. The squealing of the hogs attracted his attention, and taking his rifle he went down the bank to ascertain the cause. When he reached the creek he saw what was occurring on the opposite side, and he became an interested spectator. The hogs were nine in number, and every time the bear seized one in his powerful arms, the others would come to the rescue by hurling themselves violently against their adversary, tumbling him over and thus liberating the squealer. After enjoying the fun for some time, 'Uncle Frederick' raised his trusty rifle and a bullet went flying across Big Creek that laid Bruin low in death."
T"he first, last and only plug tobacco manufactory ever operated in the village and, possibly, in the county, was operated by 'Uncle Frederick'. He grew and cured his own loaf and pressed it into plugs. The manufactured plugs contained nothing but pure tobacco leaf, molasses and Jamaica rum, and such were its good qualities that the old settlers preferred it to what they called 'boughten tobacco'.
"'Uncle Frederick' donated the land occupied by the Baptist church in Delhi, becoming an early member of the church himself, and serving as deacon for many, many years. Indeed, when the familiar form and voice of Uncle Frederick Sovereign was seen and heard in the old church for the last time, one of the main pillars fell to the earth, and it lies there still. A long time ago he retired to his farm east of the village, where he established a home noted for its Christian influences and its generous hospitality. He died in 1875 having reached his 89th year, and having survived his aged companion several years."
In the 1851 Census for Canada West, the Frederick Sovereen household resided in Windham township, Norfolk County, Canada West. The household included:
* Frederick Sovereen - farmer, born in United States, Baptist religion, age 66, male.
* Mary Jane Sovereen - born in New Brunswick, Baptist religion, age 61, female.
In the 1861 Census of Canada West, the Frederick Sovereen household was enumerated in Windham, Norfolk county, Canada West. The household included:
* Frederick Sovereen - a farmer, born in USA, Baptist religion, age 75, male, married
* Jane Sovereen - born in New Brunswick, Baptist religion, age 70, female, married
The Agricultural census shows that he had 238 acres, with 169 acres cultivated (134 acres with crops, 32 acres pasture and 3 acres orchard/garden) and 89 acres of wood/wild. The land had $4000 cash value. The farm's crops included:
carrots 40 bushels
Fall wheat 21 acres 200 bushels
Spring wheat 4 acres 12 bushels
Rye wheat 6 acres 50 bushels
Peas 8 acres 100 bushels
Oats 4 acres 100 bushels
Indian corn 4 acres 65 bushels
Potatoes 6 acres 60 bushels
Turnips 3/4 acre 200 bushels
7 bushels of clover seed, grass seed, 8 tons of hay
200 pounds of butter, 4 barrels of pork (100 lbs each)
150 lbs wool, 10 yards of fulled cloth
2 horses over 2 years old $100
3 steers/heifers less than 3 years old
4 milch cows(all livestock)
45 sheep (worth $330.)
orchard/garden produce $50
1 pleasure carriage $80
In the 1871 Canada Census for Ontario, Frederick Sovereen (male, age 85, born in the U.S., widowed, Baptist religion, German origin) resided in Windham township in Norfolk County in the family of John and Mary C. Carlyle (his daughter).
Frederick Sovereen died 14 June 1875 in Windham township in Norfolk County, Ontario, according to the Surrogates Court records. The transcription of the will and other probate papers for Frederick Sovereen is:
"In the goods of Frederick Sovereen deceased Probate
"Be it known that on the nineteenth day of July in the year of our
Lord one thousand eight hundred and seventy five, the last
will and testament of Frederick Sovereen late of the township of Wind-
ham in the County of Norfolk yeoman, who died on or about the
fourteenth day of June in the year of our Lord one thousand eight
hundred and seventy five at the said Township of Windham, and
who at the time of his death had a fixed place of abode at the township
of Windham in the said County of Norfolk in the Province of Ontario
was proved and registered in the said Surrogate Court, a true
copy of which said last will and testament is hereunder written
and that the administration of all and singular his personal
estate and effects rights and credits of the said deceased, and
in any way concerning his will was granted by the aforesaid
Court to Jacob Sovereen of the township of Middleton in the County
of Norfolk Esquire, James Whitside of the same place Esquire,
and John Kitchen of the township of Windham in the said County
of Norfolk Esquire, the Executors named in the said will. They
having been first sworn well and faithfully to administer the
same by paying the just debts of the deceased and the legacies
contained in his Will so far as they are thereunto bound by law
and to exhibit a true and perfect inventory of all and singular
the said estate and effects rights and credits, and to render a just
and true account of their executorship whenever required by law
so to do.
(signed) Clarence Chapelje
Registrar of the Surrogate Court of the County of Norfolk
"I Frederick Sovereen of the township of Windham in the County
of Norfolk and Province of Ontario in the Dominion of Canada
Yeoman, being of a sound and disposing mind and ????
my thanks be to my Heavenly Father for this and all other of His
mercies I do make write and publish this as my Last Will
"I Will unto my son Alexander Sovereen his heirs and assigns
forever all that portion of my homestead farm lying Westerly
of the main road which crossed my said homestead farm, the
said parcel of land being composed of a North Westerly part
of the South half of Lot number twenty one and the Northerly
part of the South half of Lot number twenty two, both in the Ele-
venth concession of said Township of Windham in the
County of Norfolk and Province aforesaid, containing by
admeasurement sixty three acres and one half of an acre
of land be the same more or less.
"I also Will unto will unto my said son Alexander Sovereen
his heirs and assigns forever that Westerly part of the Easterly
division of said lot number twenty one in said eleventh con-
cession of said Township of Windham containing by admea-
surement eighteen acres and one half of an acre of land be the
same more or less, bounded as follows that is to say, commen-
cing on the Southerly limit of the North fifty acres of said lot
number twenty one owned by Michael Beck, at the intersection of
the Easterly side of the main road established across my said
farm thence bounding on the Easterly side of said road South
(about) seven degrees West seventeen chains and seven links to a
stake set, thence North seventy eight degrees and thirty minutes
East eleven chains and thirty four links to a stake set, thence North
(about) seven degrees East seventeen chains and seven links to
a stake set in the Southerly limit of said land of Michael Beck
and thence South seventy eight degrees and thirty minutes
West eleven chains and thirty four links to the place of begin-
ning, to have and to hold said parcels of land with the ap-
purtenances unto my said son Alexander Sovereen his
heirs and assigns forever.
"I will unto my Executors and Trustees hereinafter, or the
survivor or survivor's of them in fee simple, all the rest
residue and remainder of my homestead farm being
composed of that part of my homestead farm lying East
of the Brantford road (excepting therefrom the Eighteen and a
half acres devised to my son Alexander), said parcels
of land devised to my Executors and Trustees being com-
posed of the great Southerly part of Lot number twenty
one and a South Easterly part of Lot number twenty
two in said eleventh concession of said Township of Windham
containing in all one hundred and thirteen aces of land
be the same more or less, this devise made to my Executors
and trustees in trust that as soon after my demise as in
their opinion a fair value can be obtained for the same
shall and do sell the said lands devised to them upon such
terms of payment as will best promote the interests of my es-
tate and shall divide the proceeds arising from such sale
"First pay to my son William Lewis Sovereen or in the Event
of his previous demise to pay the same to those to whom my said son
William in his Will may direct, or in the Event of his failing
to leave a devise in writing then to the Heirs of the said William
Lewis Sovereen two thousand and sixty dollars of the proceeds
of the sale of my said homestead farm, and shall and do
therefrom pay to my granddaughter Mary Catherine Carlyle
or her heirs the Same to be for the sole use benefit, and
under the absolute control of my said granddaughter, as if
she was under the absolute control unmarried woman
the sum of six hundred dollars and shall do and after
deducting all reasonable and proper costs and charges at-
tending the sale of said Estate shall divide the then residue
arising from such sale equally between my sons William Lewis
Sovereen and Alexander Sovereen or their Heirs share and
share alike. That is, if either or both of my sons should die
before receiving their portion then the children of such deceased
Parent to Inherit their Father's portion unless such deceased
Father shall by Will have directed otherwise then the
direction of such Will to prevail, and in order fully to
carry into effect this part of my Will to the best advan-
tage I give to my Executors and trustees full power to
and authority to give such terms of payment as will best
promote the interest of my estate to give and to take hold
renew discharge change or say the security for balance
of the purchase money in such manner as to them shall
deem best I Will unto my sons William Lewis Sovereen
and Alexander Sovereen their heirs executors or adminis-
trators equally all such mortgages as I may die possessed
of (it is my wish that my son William shall have the
mortgage given me by Thomas Barker). I give to my Execut-
ors full power to assign to my sons respectively the mortgages
securities the mortgages securities that may fall to each of
my said sons or if that cannot be conveniently done then
my Executors to collect in and divide the monies equally
between my said sons (after deducting all reasonable costs
and charges connected therewith). I will that the Gold
coin I may die possessed of (being now about sixty dollars)
shall be equally divided between my two sons and my Grand-
daughter Mary Catherine Carlyle. I will that my household
furniture and personal property shall be divided accord-
ing to the Memorandum accompanying this my Will.
I give to my Executors and Trustees full power and aut-
hority to make all such conveyances and to take hold
review foreclose discharge or change all such securities
as may be necessary in order to carry into effect this my
Will . To have and To hold the lands as conveyed by
them unto the purchaser or purchasers thereof His her or
their Heirs and Assigns forever. I will that all my just
debts funeral and testamentary expences be paid out of
my estate should my homestead Estate revert to my Exe-
cutors on account of failure in payment by the purchaser
then and in such case I give to my Executors and Trus-
tees or the survivor of them full power and authority to resell
and reconvey the same as fully and amply as by the first con-
veyance made by them, and to take security thereon as in the
"I Will that what I have heretofore given to my granddaughter Mary
Catherine Carlyle shall be hers absolutely and in addition to
said six hundred dollars herein devised to her.
"Lastly, I hereby Will to my Executors and any other estate real
and personal nor herein before mentioned, of which I may die
seized in trust that they will convert the same into money and
after deducting all reasonable expenses, divide the residue
equally between my sons William and Alexander, or
"And I hereby nominate constitute and appoint my ne-
phew Jacob Sovereen of the township of Middleton Esquire
and James Whitsides of the same place Esquire, and my most Es-
teemed neighbour John Kitchen of the township of Windham
in said County and Province Esquire Executors and Trus-
tees of this my last Will and Testament,
Hereby revoking all former Will or Wills, or writings of
the nature of a Will by are heretofore made:Hereby I ??
fixing and confirm ??? this and this only
as my last Will and Testament.
"As witness my hand and seal to this my last Will
and Testament / the same having been first carefully read
over to me / this fourteenth day of November eighteen hun-
dred and sixty eight. his
(signed) / Frederick X Sovereen
Signed sealed published }
and declared by said tes- }
tator Frederick Sovereen }
as and for his Last Will }
and in presence of us and }
of each other. }
(signed / Thos W. Walsh }
(signed / Agnes Cluie }"
1. Bill Martin, "Early London District [Ontario] Marriages," online database, Bill Martin's Genealogy Website (http://my.tbaytel.net/bmartin/london_m.htm), Frederick Sovereen Jr. and Mary Jane Hutchison entry.
2. Census of 1851, Norfolk County, Canada West, District 25, Windham, subdistrict 237, page 35 (stamped), lines 38-39, Frederick Sovereen household ; digital image, Library and Archives Canada (http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/databases/census-1851/index-e.html : accessed 10 March 2013); citing Library and Archives Canada Microfilm C-11741.
3. Census of Canada, 1861, Canada West, Norfolk District, Windham sub-district, Page 76, Lines 12-13, Frederick Sovereen household ; digital image, Library and Archives Canada (http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/1861/Pages/1861.aspx : accessed 23 August 2013); citing Library and Archives Canada Microfilm C-1053.
4. Census of Canada, 1871, Ontario, Norfolk North District, District 12, Division 4, Windham District, page 2, John Carlyle household; digital image, Library and Archives Canada (http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/1871/Pages/1871.aspx : accessed 23 August 2013); citing Libraries and Archives Canada microfilm C-9909.
5. Norfolk County, Ontario, Canada, Probate Records, ca 1839-1931; Indexes, 1842-1967, Surrogate's Registers, Books F-G, 1870-1880: pages 202-205, Frederick Sovereen will and court records; accessed on FHL Microfilm US/CAN 522,630 (accessed 5 February 2014).
6. Ben Van D. Fisher, "Records of the Corporation of Zion in New Germantown in West Jersey - Births and Baptisms," Genealogical Magazine of New Jersey, Volumes XXX to XXXIII (1900-1903), January 1902, page 28, Frederick Zavering birth/baptism entry.
7. E.A. Owen, Pioneer Sketches of Long Point Settlement (Toronto, Ont. : William Briggs, 1898), page 138, Frederick Sovereign sketch.
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