Monday, July 31, 2017

Amanuensis Monday - 1791 Deed of Deborah Gates to Isaac Whitman for Land in Stow, Massachusetts

This week's document for Amanuensis Monday is from the Middlesex County, Massachusetts deed records for Deborah Gates, widow and administratrix of the estate of Amos Gates (1706-1783) of Stow, Massachusetts, selling the homestead in Stow to Isaac Whitman in 1791. 

Volume 104, page 371 (right-hand page of image below):

from Volume 104, page 372 (left-hand page of image below):

The transcription of this deed is:

[in margin] Deborah Gates Adm^x to Isaac Whitman

[in body]
Know all Men by these Presents that Deborah
Gates of Stow in the County of Middlesex & Commonwealth of
the Massachusetts Widow & Administratrix to the Estate of my late
Husband Amos Gates of Stow deceased for & in Consideration of the
sum of one hundred & one Pounds lawful money to me in Hand well
& truly paid by Isaac Whitman of Stow in the County & Common-
wealth aforesaid yeoman the Receipt whereof I do hereby acknow-
ledge do give grant bargain sell convey & confirm to him the said
Isaac his heirs & assigns forever, certain tract of land part of the real estate
of the said deceased, Viz. All but the Widow's thirds part of it being part
of the Homestead, the other part lying on a Hill called long Hill –
The first mentioned part is bounded as follows Viz^t: beginning at a
stake & stones at a corner of the said thirds running Southerly thereby
to a stake & stones to Joshua Brown's land & then Northerly & Easterly on
said Brown's land to the Brook, then down said Brook to Oliver Gates'
land, then Westerly on said Oliver's land to Charles Wales' land then
Northerly on said Charles' land to the first mentioned bounds, with
Liberty for the Widow to pass to the Barn & a quarter part of said Barn
is reserved to the Widow. The other part on long hill is bounded as fol-
lows beginning at Bolton line at a stake & stones a corner of said Thirds
& running on the line of said Thirds to land of Thomas Osborne's to a stake
& stones then Easterly on said Osborne's land fifty four rods to a white
Oak tree, then twenty seven rods to another tree marked near the Road
then bounded on the Road leading to Bezaleel Hale's to a stake & stones
then Westerly on Jesse Wolcott to the first mentioned bounds. The first
piece contains twenty Seven Acres & an half the same being more
or less. The other piece contains Eight acres & sixty rods more or less.

To Have and to Hold the same to the said Isaac his Heirs
& Assigns. And I the said Deborah Gates do Covenant with the said
Isaac his Heirs & Assigns that I am lawfully seized in Fee simple of
the Premises that they are free of all Incumbrances that I have good
Right to sell & convey the same to the said Isaac his Heirs ^forever^ & Assigns
as aforesaid. And I the said Deborah Gates my Heirs & assigns
or Asministrators shall & will Warrant & defend the same to the
said Isaac his Heirs & Assigns against the lawful Claims & Demands
of all Persons. In Witness whereof I the said Deborah Gates have here-
unto set my Hand & Seal this eighteenth Day of March One thou-
sand seven hundred & ninety one & in the fourteen Year
of the Independency of America. Deborah Gates her ^^ mark
& Seal Signed Sealed & Delivered in Presence of Jonathan Wood Jun^r

[page 372]

Charlotte Wood Middlesex Stow March the 22 1791. The above
named Deborah Gates appered & acknowledged the above In-
strument to be her Hand & Seal & Act & Deed before me Quorum
Jonathan Wood Justice Peace. Middlesex Ss Cambridge May
16, 1791 Received & Entered.

(308)                                 By W^m Winthrop Reg^r

The source citation for this record is:

"Massachusetts, Land Records, 1620-1986," digital images, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, FamilySearch ( : , Volume 104, page 371 (image 219 of 311), Deborah Gates (widow and administratrix) to Isaac Whitman, 1791 (recorded 16 May 1791).

When Amos Gates died intestate in 1783, his widow Deborah (Thayer) (Rockwood) Gates was named administratrix for his estate.  Amos had both real and personal property, but had significant debts that were probably paid off by selling a parcel of land and the personal estate.  An agreement was made to dsitribute the widow's thirds to Deborah, but no other distribution of the rest of the real estate was in the probate packet. 

In this deed executed and recorded in 1791, Deborah Gates, acting as widow and administratrix of Amos Gates, sold the remainder of the real estate that Amos Gates owned at the time of his death, but excepting her own thirds of the real estate.  She sold the remainder of the homestead lot to her son-in-law, Isaac Whitman (1760-1791), who married Susannah Gates (1765-????, daughter of Amos and Deborah (Thayer) Gates) in 1784 in Stow, Massachusetts.  Isaac Whitman died in August 1791, soon after buying this land from his mother-in-law. 

 I have not searched for land and probate records for Isaac and Susannah (Gates) Whitman yet.

The description of the land for both pieces of the real property (the homestead and Deborah's thirds) in this deed are helpful in describing the metes and bounds of both properties.  There are several good clues in this deed to help pinpoint the location of the property (e.g., Lancaster Road, Bolton Line, Long Hill, the Brook), which I will attempt to do in a later post.

Amos Gates (1706-1783) is my 6th great-grandfather, but Deborah (Thayer) (Rockwood) Gates is his second wife.  I am descended from Amos Gates' son, Simon Gates (1739-1803) by the first wife, Mary Hubbard.


NOTE:  Genea-blogger John Newmark (who writes the excellent  TransylvanianDutch blog) started a Monday blog theme years ago called "Amanuensis Monday."  John offers this definition for "amanuensis:" 

"A person employed to write what another dictates or to copy what has been written by another."

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