Thursday, April 11, 2013

Treasure Chest Thursday - 1870 U.S. Census Record for Samuel Vaux Family

It's Treasure Chest Thursday - time to look in my digital image files to see what treasures I can find for my family history and genealogy musings.

The treasure today is the 1870 United States Census record for my Vaux 3rd great-grandparents  in Platte township, Andrew County, Missouri:

The Samuel Vaux household:

The extracted information for the family, with an enumeration date of 8 July 1870, is:

*  Samuel Vaux - age 51, male, white, a farmer, $3,500 in real property, $470 in personal property, born England, father and mother of foreign birth, a male citizen of the US over age 21.
*  Mary A. Vaux - age 50, female, white, keeping house, born New York
*  James P. Vaux - age 23, male, white, a farm laborer, born New York, a male citizen of the US over age 21
*  Elizabeth Vaux - age 19, female, white, at home, born New York, 
*  Amos Vaux - age 15, male, white, a farm laborer, born New York, attended school within the year
*  James Woodward - age 33, male, white, a farm laborer, $500 in personal property, born Vermont, a male citizen of the US over age 21
*  Mary A. Woodward - age 31, female, white, keeping house, born New York, father of foreign birth
*  Orpha A. Woodward - age 7, female, white, born Wisconsin, attended school within the year
*  Mary Woodward - age 4, female, white, born Wisconsin

The source citation for this census record is:

1870 United States Federal Census, Andrew County, Missouri,  Population Schedule, Platte township: Page 304 (stamped), Dwelling #314, Family #319, Samuel Vaux household; digital image, (; citing National Archives Microfilm Publication M593, Roll 755.

I see some minor errors in this enumeration, based on the collected evidence for the family:  

*  Samuel Vaux should be age 54 (born in January 1816)
*  Mary Ann (Underhill) Vaux should be age 55 (born in March 1815)
*  There should be a mark for "father is foreign born" for James P., Elizabeth and Amos Vaux.
*  I think that Amos Vaux was born in Wisconsin in late 1854 based on the land records, but the record says New York.  

Mary A. Woodward is the daughter of Samuel and Mary (Underhill) Vaux, and is the mother of Orpha and Mary.  This is the only record I have of James Woodward that indicates his age and birthplace - I think that both James and Mary A. Woodward died before 1880, since I cannot find them in the census, and their daughter Orpha Woodward resided with Samuel Vaux in the 1880 U.S. census.

Samuel Vaux bought land in Platte township in Andrew County from L.S. and Mary Jane Munger in 1869.  The family just after the Samuel Vaux household is that of Emmetus and Carolina Munger with sons Francis and George.  Francis Munger married Celia Ann (Vaux) Redfield (daughter of Samuel and Mary Ann (Underhill) Vaux and widow of Milo Redfield) in 1872 as her second husband.  They had two children, and resided in Belleville, Republic County, Kansas in 1880 and afterwards.

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Copyright (c) 2013, Randall J. Seaver

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