Monday, February 16, 2015

Amanuensis Monday - Post 256: 1812 Deed of Nathan Gates to John Peirce Jr.

Genea-blogger John Newmark (who writes the excellent TransylvanianDutch blog) started a Monday blog theme years ago called "Amanuensis Monday."  John offers this definition for "amanuensis:" 

"A person employed to write what another dictates or to copy what has been written by another."

The subject today is the 1812 deed of Nathan Gates of Gardner, Massachusetts to the John Peirce Jr. of Gardner:

[page 509, deed starts near bottom of right-hand page]

[page 510, deed ends in middle of left-hand page]

The transcription of this deed is:

[page 509]
[left margin]

Gates Nathan }
to }
John Peirce Jr. }

Know all Men by these presents that I Nathan Gates of Gardner in the County of Worcester & Commonwealth of Massachusetts yeoman in consideration of eight hundred Dollars paid me by John
Peirce Junr of said Gardner yeoman the receipt of whereof I do hereby acknowledge, do hereby give, grant,
and convey unto the said John his heirs & assigns a certain tract of Land situate in said Gardner being
the Same tract of land which said Peirce has this day conveyed to me by his Deed & is thus described being
a part of the Farm on which said Peirce now lives, being all that part of said Farm whichl ies
northeasterly of the County road leading from Winchendon to Westminster being about forty acres more
or less with the buildings thereon standing & is bounded Southwesterly on said County road South-

[page 510]

easterly on Land of Vinal P. Dunn, Northeasterly on three fourth division lots, northwesterly on
Land of Josiah Wheeler.

To Have and to hold the same with the privileges & appurtenances thereto belonging
to said John his heirs & assigns to his & their use & behoof forever – and I so covenant with the
said John his heirs & assigns that I am lawfully seized by fee of the premises that they are free of all in-
cumbrances & that I will warrant &defend to the Same to the said John his heirs & assigns forever against
the lawful claims & demands of all persons. In Witness whereof I have hereto set my hand & Seal,
as also my Wife Agagail in token of releasing her right of dower in the premises, this thirteenth
day of November eighteen hundred & twelve – The condition of this deed is such that if the a-
bove named Nathan shall pay or cause to be paid the following sums to the Boston Bank, to wit:
one hundred Dollars on the fifteenth day of Sept^r next, one hundred Dollars on the fifteenth
day of Sept^r 1814, one hundred Dollars on the 15th day of Sept^r1815, one hundred Dollars on
the 15th day of Sept^r 1816 with Interest in advance annually on the three last payments & save
harmless the said John from all costs & trouble respecting what said John owes said Bank as spec-
ified in the above installments & according to a Bond of even date with this and then this Deed is
be void otherwise in force.                                      Nathan Gates { L S }
Signed, sealed & deliv- }                                        Abigail Gates { L S }
ered, in presence of       } Worcester SS, Gardner November 13, 1812 Nathan Gates within named }
Aaron Wood                 } acknowledge this instrument to be his free act & deed
Oliver Jackson              }       Before me, Aaron Woods, Justice Peace.

Rec^d Dec^r 23, 1812 Ent^d & Exam^d Dan^l Clap Reg^r

The source citation for this deed is:

"Massachusetts, Land Records, 1620-1986," digital images, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints,FamilySearch ( : accessed 13 January 2015), Worcester County, "Deeds, 1812-1813, Vol. 184-185," Volume 184, Pages 509-510, images 265-266 of 693, Deed of Nathan Gates to John Peirce Jr., 1812; citing records in land offices and county courthouses, statewide, Massachusetts.

This 40 acre tract of land is just north of the road from Winchendon to Westminster, and not far from the land formerly owned by Simon Gates, the father of Nathan Gates, and owned at the time of this deed by his mother, Susanna Gates and his brothers, Simon Gates and Daniel Gates.  

As you can see, there is a mortgage involved in this deed.  On the same date, John Peirce Jr. sold this tract of land to Nathan Gates for $800.  Apparently, Nathan Gates did not pay the entire $800 to John Peirce Jr., he paid only $400.  In the deed above, Nathan Gates agreed to make four payments of $100 yearly, with interest, to the Boston Bank.  If he made all of the payments, the deed above is voided - the land will belong to Nathan Gates.  If he doesn't make the payments, the land title will revert back to John Peirce Jr. along with all money that Nathan Gates paid him.

Nathan Gates (1767-1830) is my 4th great-grandfather, who married Abigail Knowlton (1774-1855) in 1790.  I am descended from their daughter, Abigail Gates (1797-1867), who married Benjamin Seaver (1791-1825).

Copyright (c) 2015, Randall J. Seaver

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