Friday, October 6, 2023

52 Ancestors - Week 499: #956 Thomas Gach/Gage/Gauge (c1660-1703) of Westchester, New York and Woodbridge, New Jersey

Thomas Gach/Gage/Gauge (c1660-1703) is  #956 on my Ahnentafel List, my 7th great-grandfather, who married  #957 Elizabeth (Hunt) Vail (1656-1747)  in about 1698, probably in Westchester, New York.

I am descended through:

*  their son #478 Thomas Gach (1702-1770) who married #479 Elizabeth Bloodgood (1702-177) in 1721.
*  their daughter #239 Martha Gach (1729-????) who married #238 Samuel Fitz Randolph (1730-????) in 1750.
*  their daughter #119 Tabitha Randolph (1752-1841)  who married #118 Stephen Cutter (1745-1823) in 1769.
*  their daughter #59 Sarah Cutter (1785-1878) who married #58 William Knapp (1775-1856) in 1804.
*  their daughter #29 Sarah G. Knapp (1818-1904) who married David Auble (1817-1894) in 1844
*  their son #14 Charles Auble (1849-1916) who married #15 Georgianna Kemp (1868-1952) in 1898. 
*  their daughter #7 Emily Kemp Auble (1899-1977) who married #6 Lyle Lawrence Carringer (1891-1976) in 1918.
* their daughter, #3 Betty Virginia Carringer (1919-2002) who married #2 Frederick Walton Seaver (1911-1983) in 1942.
*  their son, #1 Randall J. Seaver (1943-....)


1)  PERSON (with source citations as indicated in brackets):

*  Name:                            Thomas Gach[1–2]
*  Alternate Name:             Thomas Gage[1]
*  Alternate Name:             Thomas Gauge[1,3]

*  Sex:                                Male

2)  INDIVIDUAL EVENTS (with source citations as indicated in brackets):

*  Birth:                             about 1660, probably New York, United States[2]

*  Death:                            before 23 April 1703 (before about age 43), Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey, United States[3]

*  Probate:                        23 April 1703 (about age 43), will proved; Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey, United States[1,3]

3)  SHARED EVENTS (with source citations as indicated in brackets):

*  Spouse 1:                      Elizabeth Hunt (1657-1747)
*  Marriage 1:                   about 1698 (about age 38), probably Woodbridge, Middlesex, New Jersey, United States[2]

*  Child 1:                        Mary Gach 1700-1760
*  Child 2:                        Thomas Gach 1702-1770

4)  NOTES (with source citations as indicated in brackets):    

Thomas Gach (or Gage or Gauge) was born in about 1660, perhaps in Westchester County, New York or Massachusetts[2].  The parentage of Thomas Gach/Gage is uncertain.  The book John Gage of Ipswich, Mass. and His Descendants compiled by Clyde V. Gage[1] says that he was the son of Jonathan and Hester (Chandler) Gage of Bradford, Massachusetts.  A birth date of about 1680 is claimed for Thomas, but that places him well after the death of Jonathan Gage in 1674/5, and has Thomas marrying a woman over 20 years his senior in 1700.

It is apparent that this Thomas Gage/Gauge married Elizabeth (Hunt) Vail, the widow of Samuel Vail (who died in 1695 in Westchester) with seven small children, in about 1698, probably in Westchester[1-2].  Her birth date of about 1657 has been reported by other researchers, and she married first to Samuel Vail in 1677 and had seven children by him.

It is much more likely that Thomas Gauge was born in the 1655 to 1665 time frame in an unknown place.  He might have been a brother or cousin of Jonathan Gage, whose widow Hester (Chandler) Gage married John Wilson and resided in Woodbridge, New Jersey after 1680.

Thomas and Elizabeth (Hunt) Vail had two children:

*  Mary Gach (c1700-1760), married 1726 William Bloodgood (1698-1756).
*  Thomas Gach (c1702-1770), married 1721 Elizabeth Bloodgood (1702-1770).

The following information was obtained from the book Pioneer Families of Northwestern New Jersey, by William C. Armstrong[1]:
"Elizabeth [(Hunt) Vail] married (2nd.) Thomas Gach (Gauge) of Westchester, N. Y., a ship builder, who owned a house and land in Westchester.

"Thomas Gach, Sr., and Elizabeth moved from Westchester, N. Y., to Woodbridge, N. J., about the year 1701. As her 3rd husband, Elizabeth (Hunt, Vail, Gach) married John Griffith on 20 October, 1709. And it is as Elizabeth Griffith, of Woodbridge, N. J., that she makes her last Will and Testament on the 21 June, 1739.

"The Vail Papers (Vol. 18:44) quote from the Westchester Town Records, the "sale of a house and 8 acres of land formerly owned by Thomas Gach, in Westchester" -- sold by Joseph Appleby to Samuel Vail (son of Elizabeth and Samuel (2) Vail) 28 February, 1705-6. Thomas Gach and wife removed from Westchester, N. Y., to Woodbridge, N. J., about the year 1701. We infer this from a deed of sale of 'a house and lot at Woodbridge, N. J., 14 April, 1701, sold by Thomas Codrington and wife to Thomas Gauge, late of Westchester, N. Y., Shipwright.' (v. N. J. Archives, 1st Ser. Vol. 21: 140).

"Thomas Gauge died between the 28th March, 1703 and 23 April, 1703, the dates of his will.

"It states he lived in Woodbridge; was a ship carpenter; it names Elizabeth as Executor, son Thomas and apparently other children, also names his 'son-in-law, Thomas Veale' (v. N. J. Arch. 1st Ser. Vol. 23:182; also Middlesex Co. Wills). His inventory amounted to 171-6-0, including half interest in a boat equal to £30.

"Elizabeth had at least two Gach children, viz: Mary and Thomas. Mary Gach married William Bloodgood, 1727. (v. Shotwell Family, p. 186; also Vail Papers, Vol. 16:13). Thomas Gach, mentioned in his mother's will, was an active member of the Woodbridge M. M. until disowned for quarreling with his brother. He was clerk of the Town of Woodbridge for many years, (v. Woodbridge and Vicinity, p. 71).

"Elizabeth, the widow of Samuel (2) Vail and later the widow of Thomas Gach, of Woodbridge, married (3rd.) John Griffith, 20 October, 1709."
The will of Thomas Gauge was written 28 March 1703 and proved 23 April 1703 in Woodbridge.  The abstract reads[3]:
"Gauge, Thomas, of Woodbridge, ship carpenter.  Wife Elizabeth executrix.  Son Thomas, apparently other children, son-in-law Thomas Veale.  Real and personal estate."
The witnesses were John Adie and Thomas Pike.  An inventory of the personal estate was taken in 1703: 71 pounds, 6 shillings, including half of a boat 30 pounds;  made by John Pike and Thomas Pike.


1. William C. Armstrong, Pioneer Families of Northwestern New Jersey (Lambertville, N.J. :  Hunterdon House, 1979), pages 294-297, Elizabeth (Vail) Gach sketch.

2. Clyde V. Gage, John Gage of Ipswich, Mass. and his descendants : an historical, genealogical and biographical record, as developed from sources explained herein (Worcester, N.Y. : C.V. Gage, 1964), pages 83-84, #1004 Thomas Gage family sketch.

3. William Nelson, Documents Relating to the Colonial History of the State of New Jersey:: First Series Volume I -- 1670-1730 (Paterson, N.J.: The Press Printing and Publishing Company, 1901), page 182, Thomas Gauge will abstract; digital images, (


NOTE:  Amy Johnson Crow suggested a weekly blog theme of "52 Ancestors" in her blog post 
 52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks on the No Story Too Small blog in 2014.  I have extended this theme in 2023 to 520 Ancestors in 520 Weeks.

Copyright (c) 2023, Randall J. Seaver

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