* their son, #20 James Richman (1821-1912), who married #21 Hannah Rich (1824-1911).
* their son, #10 Thomas Richmond (1848-1917), who married #11 Julia E. White (1848-1913)
1) PERSON (with source citations as indicated in brackets):
* Name: John Richman [1–5]
* Sex: Male [1-4]
2) INDIVIDUAL FACTS (with source citations as indicated in brackets):
* Birth: about 1788, Hilperton, Wiltshire, England 
* Census: 31 March 1841 (about age 53), Hilperton Marsh Road, Hilperton, Wiltshire, England 
* Census: 31 March 1851 (about age 63), Hilperton, Wiltshire, England 
* Census: 31 March 1861 (about age 73), Hilperton, Wiltshire, England 
* Death: before 26 April 1867 (before about age 79), Hilperton, Wiltshire, England 
* Burial: 26 April 1867 (about age 79), Hilperton, Wiltshire, England 
1) SPOUSES AND CHILDREN: (with source citations as indicated in brackets):
* Spouse #1: Ann Marshman (1784-1856)
* Marriage #1: 8 February 1811 (about age 23), Hilperton, Wiltshire, England 
* Child #1: Elizabeth Richman (1811- )
* Child #2: Sarah Richman (1814- )
* Child #3: John Richman (1816-1884)
* Child #4: Ann Richman (1818- )
* Child #5: James Richman (1821-1912)
* Child #6: Thomas Richman (1823-1844)
* Child #7: Mary Richman (1823-1825)
* Child #8: Mary Richman (1825-1825)
4) NOTES (with source citations as indicated in brackets):
The parentage of John Richman is unknown. From census records, his approximate birth date is between 1788 (age 52 in the 1841 census, age 72 in the 1861 census, and age 79 in 1867 on burial record) and 1792 (age 59 in the 1851 census). There are no baptisms of a John Richman found in the Hilperton church records in the period 1779 to 1795. However, the church records are fairly sparse during this time. Searches were also made for Trowbridge and several other nearby parishes during this time period without finding a John Richman born between 1788 and 1792.
If English naming practice traditions were followed (first son after father's father, first daughter after mother's mother), then the parents of John Richman were John and Elizabeth Richman. However, one can't be sure that the practices were followed.
The first record of John Richman is at his marriage by banns to Ann Marshman on 8 February 1811 in Hilperton, in the presence of Thomas Marshman. The Hilperton Parish Register Bishop's Transcripts say they were married by J. Ballies with the mark of X for John and Ann, with witness Thomas Marshman in the presence of Richard Hiscock. 
The baptisms of the children of John and Ann (Marshman) Richman are in the Hilperton church records during 1814 to 1825, with John Richman listed as a weaver and/or a laborer.
In the 1841 Census for Wiltshire, the John Richman family resided on Marsh Lane in Hilperton Marsh. The household included:
* John Richman Senior - age 52, male, a coal hauler, born Wiltshire
* Ann Richman - age 59, female, a weaver, born Wiltshire
* Elizabeth Richman - age 30, female, a weaver, born Wiltshire
* James Richman - age 20, male, Ag Lab, born Wiltshire
There was a second family in the same dwelling:
* John Richman Junior - age 25, male, Ag Lab, born Wiltshire
* Mariah Richman - age 25, female, weaver, born Wiltshire
* Elizabeth Richman - age 5, female, born Wiltshire
* James Richman - age 3, male, born Wiltshire
* David Richman - age 9 months, male, born Wiltshire
In the 1851 Census for Wiltshire, the John Richman family resided in Hilperton Marsh, Wiltshire, England. The household included:
* John Richman - husband, age 59, butcher, born Hilperton, Wiltshire
* Ann Richman - wife, age 67, born Devizes
* Elizabeth Richman - daughter, age 38, weaver, born Hilperton
* Mary Richman - granddaughter age 8, born Hilperton
* Rosa Richman - granddaughter, age 3, scholar, born Bath, Somerset
In the 1861 Census for Wiltshire, John Richman (age 72, a widower, a pauper, born in Hilperton, Wiltshire) resided in Hilperton Marsh with his granddaughter, Rosa Tompson (age 13, a servant, born Bath, Somerset).
A copy of a picture purporting to be John Richman was provided by Russell Richmond of Putnam, Connecticut, and also by Barbara Richmond of Washington state, which had been provided to Barbara by Roma Challis (a descendant of John Richman) of Hilperton in 1985. The picture shows a seated, white haired older male with a top hat. Roma Challis showed the Ambrotype picture (common in the 1850's and 1860's) to the Wiltshire Family History Society several years ago, and one of the members, who was an expert in period clothing, said:
"He is wearing a traditional Wiltshire smock, his neckerchief would most likely have been red and his hat was fashionable about 50 years before the picture was done, so he probably had it for years, but kept it for Sunday best. I think you will find he was a farmer as well as a butcher. The smock he is wearing was made in Keevil, a village about four miles from Hilperton."
John Richman died 26 April 1867 in Bradford-on-Avon in Wiltshire, and was buried in St. Michael's Church in Hilperton, listed as "age 79."
1. Church of England, Parish Church of Hilperton (Wiltshire, England), Bishop's Transcripts, 1622-1880, "Baptisms, Marriages, Burials, 1748-1812", accessed on lFHL BRITISH microfilm 1,279,404, Item 13, Marriages, 1811, John Richman and Ann Marshman entry.
2. 1841 England, Wales and Scotland Census, Wiltshire, Hilperton [parish], Folio 24, Page 9 (printed), Lines 7-10, John Richman household; digital image, FindMyPast.com (www.findmypast.com : accessed 27 July 2012); citing The National Archives of the UK, Kew, Surrey, Public Record Office HO 107/1182/2.
3. 1851 England and Wales Census, digital image. Wiltshire, Hilperton [parish], District 257, Folio 267 recto, household 196, John Richman household; digital image, FindMyPast.com (http://www.findmypast.com : accessed 27 July 2012), citing The National Archives of the UK, Kew, Surrey, Public Record Office HO 107/1840.
4. 1861 England and Wales Census, Wiltshire, Hilperton [parish], District 7, Folio 17, page 27, household 154, John Richman household; digital image, FindMyPast.com (http://www.findmypast.com : accessed 27 July 2012), citing The National Archives of the UK, Kew, Surrey, Public Record Office RG09/1295.
5. Church of England, Parish Church of Hilperton (Wiltshire, England), Bishop's Transcripts, 1622-1880, Item 15: Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1837-1880; accessed on FHL microfilm BRITISH 1,279,404, Burials, Page 14 (penned), 1867, No. 105, John Richman entry.
6. John Richman (1788-1867) , Ambrotype Cased Photograph, taken in Hilperton, Wiltshire, England, about 1865; digital image, Photocopy of original scanned in 2001; privately held by Roma Challis, [address for private use], Hilperton, Wiltshire, England. Seated, elderly, white-haired man wearing period clothing and top hat. Richman family in Hilperton to Roma Challis; unknown location in 2014.
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