Friday, April 12, 2019

52 Ancestors - Week 273: #448 Andreas Abel (1690-1751) of Germany and Morris County, New Jersey

Andreas Abel (1690-1751) is #448 on my Ahnentafel List, my 6th great-grandfather, who married  #449 Maria (--?--) Abel (1693-1771) in about 1713 in Germany.

I am descended through:

*  their son, #224  Michel Abel (1719-1791), married #225 Christina --?-- (1730-1804) about 1755.
*  their son, #112 Johannes Abel (1758-1818), married #113 Sophia Trimmer (1755-1811) in 1777.
*  their son #56  John Auble (1780-1831), married #57 Anna Row (1797-1860) in 1804.
*  their son #28 David Auble (1817-1894), married #29 Sarah Knapp (1818-1904) in 1844.
*  their son #14 Charles Auble (1849-1916), married #15 Georgianna Kemp (1868-1952) in 1898.
*  their daughter #7 Emily Kemp Auble (1899-1977), married #6 Lyle Lawrence Carringer (1891-1976) in 1918.
*  their daughter #3 Betty Virginia Carringer (1919-2002) who married #2 Frederick Walton Seaver (1911-1983) in 1942.
*  their son #1 Randall Jeffrey Seaver (1943-living)


1)  PERSON (with source citations as indicated in brackets):

*  Name:                   Andreas Abel[1]    
*  Alternate Name:   Andreas Able[2]
*  Alternate Name:   Andrew Ablin[3]    
*  Sex:                      Male  

2)  INDIVIDUAL EVENTS (with source citations as indicated in brackets):
*  Birth:                     about 1690, Germany[2]    

*  Arrival:                 4 September 1728 (about age 38), Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States[2–3]    

*  Property:              7 February 1748 (about age 58), bought 308 acres of Davenport Tract near Fox Hill; Roxbury, Morris, New Jersey, United States[1–2]    

*  Death:                  9 April 1751 (about age 61), Roxbury, Morris, New Jersey, United States[2]    
*  Burial:                  after 9 April 1751 (after about age 61), Davenport Tract, Roxbury, Morris, New Jersey, United States[2]    

*  Probate:               June 1751 (about age 61), Roxbury, Morris, New Jersey, United States[2,4]  

3)  SHARED EVENTS (with source citations as indicated in brackets):
*  Spouse 1:             Maria --?--  (1693-1771)    
*  Marriage 1:          about 1713 (about age 23), Germany[2]    

*  Child 1:               Mathias Abel (1715-1783)    
*  Child 2:               Andreas Abel (1717-1782)    
*  Child 3:               Michel Abel (1719-1791)    
*  Child 4:               Paul Abel (1731-1773)  

4)  NOTES (with source citations as indicated in brackets):  

The information on this family was obtained from the book Early Germans of New Jersey by Chambers[1], and the book The Able Aubles by Juanita Hayter Crampton[2].

Andreas Abel was born about 1690 in Germany, perhaps in Hesse Kassel in Alsace-Lorraine, but there are no definitive records.  Some researchers claim that his parents are Mathias and Maria (Reidmuller) Aublein of Ulm, Wurttemburg, but that family is probably not the correct one.

He married Maria --?-- in about 1713 in Germany[2].  Her birth date, birthplace, and parents are not known, although some researchers claim she is Maria Maier born in about 1703.

They had four children, with the first three born in Germany.  They are[2]:

*  Mathias Abel (1715-1783), married about 1750 Margaret --?-- (1729-????).
*  Andreas Abel (1717-1782), married about 1740 Hanna --?-- (1720-1783).
*  Michel Abel  (1719-1791), married about 1755 Christina --?-- (1730-1804).
*  Paul Abel (1731-1773), married Maria Magdalena "Leany" --?-- (1735-1800)

Andreas Able may have been the "Andreas Ablin" who was on a list of thirty Palatines who, with their families, left the port of Portsmouth, England on 22 June 1728 bound for America on the ship Albany, master Lazarus Oxman from Rotterdam.  This ship landed in Philadelphia on 4 September 1728[2-3].

The first mention of him in New Jersey is in the Hunterdon County Court in May, 1731, concerning a debt between Nickles Sayn and Andreas Able[2].

He is also mentioned in the so-called "Janeway Account Books", kept by Jacob Janeway from 1735-1746 for his store at Burnt Mills, New Jersey. Andreas Able is mentioned in May 1738, May 1742 and June 1743[2].

Andreas Able bought 308 acres of the eastern half of the "Davenport Tract" at Roxbury, near Fox Hill, in Morris County, New Jersey on 7 February 1748 from Joseph Recklef.  He paid 103 pounds for the land. The records state he already occupied the land at the time of the purchase, and it is probably that he first settled on the land some years before, making payments on the land each year until the full amount was paid and the deed signed[1-2].

Andreas and Matthias Able subscribed to calling a new Lutheran pastor from the Ministerium of Hamburg, Germany in 1749.  The subscribers sent money for the pastor's passage and guaranteed him a place to live and a salary.  The records show that the land upon which the original Union German Church of Fox Hill, New Jersey stood belonged to the Able family[2].

Andreas Able left a will written in German, dated 28 February 1750[2,4]. The English translation is, in part:

"For the first part I give my eldest son, Matthias, one great pewter platter and two plates and forty pounds light money.  One year after my decease, a Sermon Book.  I give my youngest son, Paul, two hundred and forty acres of land.  From that shall my son, Michael, have the half one-hundred and twenty acres.  My two sons, Michael and Paul shall maintain my wife, Mary (Maria).  My son Paul shall have my small chest and the wagon and the new saddle and one bea hive and one pewter quart.  And my wife shall live in my house, shall keep her own fowls and they shall find my wife victuals and drink and if they plant, maintain her well.  Shall each of my two sons give her yearly ten bushels of wheat and one fat hog, and shall carry the wheat to the mill for her to be ground when she wants it.  They shall bring the firewood to the house and they shall keep two cows and one horse, winter and summer, feed them and keep them.  My son Paul shall have two cows and a young stallion from his mother's mare and a Bible.

"I give to my wife, Mary (Maria), sixty acres of land by a line joining Court Casper downwards, for a help for her if she should want. My wife shall have two pewter basins and a small pewter basin and two pewter plets, two spoons and one cow.  She shall have her choice out of the flock and one heifer, one mare and a mare called Afso.  She shall have half the orchard or half the apples and two bea hives and her saddle and the great chest, the painted tankard, one iron pot, a copper kettle of one biggest and a little iron pot and she and Paul shall have light sheep and the big iron kettle together.

"I give to my son Andrew one hundred and fifty pound money, which money my children shall make up as soon as they can.  Andrew shall have my new suit of clothes."

Andreas Abel died on 9 April 1751 in Roxbury, New Jersey[2].  He is probably buried on the Davenport Tract in Roxbury, New Jersey, the site of his farm and near the Union Reformed Church in Fox Hill[2].

On 6 June 1762, son Paul and his wife Leany sold their share of 126 acres to his brother Michel for 304 pounds.  On 29 March 1768, Michel gave a mortgage on 240 acres of this tract "whereon said Michel Abel now lives," to Richard Stockton, &c.  On 1 June 1784, Michel gave a mortgage to John Striker, of Somerset, upon the whole original tract of 308 acres for 1,308 pounds (New York money).  These records show that this farm upon which the original Union German Church of Fox Hill stood, belonged to Michel Abel, who must therefore have been the father of Jacob, who afterwards occupied this farm, and of his brothers and sisters[1].


1. Theodore Frelinghuysen Chambers, The Early Germans of New Jersey: their history, churches, and genealogies (Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1982), page 227, Andreas Abel sketch.

2. Juanita Hayter Crampton, The Able Aubles (Utica, Kentucky: Mcdowell Publications, 1987), pages 1-5, Andreas Able sketch; digital image, accessed on FamilySearch Books (

3. Ralph Beaver Strassburger and William John Hinke (editor), Pennsylvania German Pioneers; a publication of the original lists of arrivals in the port of Philadelphia from 1727 to 1808, (Norristown, PA:  The Pennsylvania German Society 1934), Volume 2, Facsimiles of Signature (1727-1775), page 9, Andrew Ablin.

4. A. Van Doren Honeyman (editor), Documents Relating to the Colonial History of the State of New Jersey, First Series, Vol. Calendar of New Jersey Wills, Administrations, etc. Volume XXXII, 1751-1760 (Somerville, N.J. : Unionist-Gazette Association, Printers, 1928), page 5, Andreas Abel will abstract.


NOTE:  In 2014, Amy Johnson Crow suggested a weekly blog theme of "52 Ancestors" in her blog post  52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks on the No Story Too Small blog.  I have extended this theme in 2019 to 312 Ancestors in 312 Weeks.

Copyright (c) 2019, Randall J. Seaver

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