1) On Treasure Chest Thursday - 1851 English Census Record for James Richman Family, I had two helpful comments:
* Audrey Collins wrote: "Randy, the correct citation for your census page is HO 107/1840 folio 254 page 21. This is the unique identifier for this page, whether you are using microfilm or a website (or on very rare occasions the fragile original books, produced as a last resort when the film or scan is illegible).
"Most people access the 1851 census using Ancestry (The National Archives licensed partner for this census) and it is a requirement that census pages should be accessible online using the full document reference on licensed partner sites. You may need to switch to 'Old search' to do this on Ancestry. You can also use the full reference on Findmypast.uk. Other sites that carry the England and Wales census may offer the same facility, but I am only really familiar with Ancestry and FMP.
"I was interested in your earlier post where you compared the search facilities for the 1851 census on a number of sites. A direct search on Findmypast.co.uk would have suited your requirements; the free search on the free search facility gives enough detail for you to identify the right entry, and you don't need a subscription to access the image because FMP always offer a pay-per-view option. This is also a feature of their US site Findmypast.com which only offers US census material at the moment, but they have plans to add UK censuses in future."
* David Newton commented: "To further expand on census references, that style of reference will work for all censuses from 1851 to 1901, just varying the series, piece, folio and page numbers. The 1841 census requires one more thing for a unique reference, that being the inclusion of the details of the book the information came from. The 1911 census by contrast just needs the series number, the piece number and the schedule number for it to be a unique reference. The full footnote for your reference would be:
"The National Archives of the United Kingdom, "1851 Census of England and Wales," HO 107/1840, folio 254, page 21.
"The short footnote for your reference would be: TNA, HO 107/1840, f 254, p 21.
"One thing where Kew is infinitely better than NARA is its catalogue references. It has a consistent reference system that is also concise. They also provide clear guidelines on their website as to how things should be cited."
"It should also be noted that what Randy has said only applies to England, Wales, the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands. Scotland and Ireland are separate cases. The only place to find images of Scottish censuses is the Scotslandspeople website and the images are very expensive and only available on a pay-per-view basis. Ireland only has two censuses available as the rest were destroyed at various points. The Irish National Archives have digitised and indexed both censuses with the resources available for free."