Thursday, September 20, 2012

Treasure Chest Thursday - 1870 U.S. Census for Edward Hildreth Family

It's Treasure Chest Thursday - time to look in my digital image files to see what treasures I can find for my family history and genealogy musings.

The treasure today is the 1870 United States Census record for my Hildreth great-great-grandparents and their family in Leominster, Worcester County, Massachusetts: 

The entry for the Edward Hildreth family is below:   

The extracted information for the family, residing in Leominster, taken on 2 June 1870, is:

*  Edward Hildreth - age 39, male, white, works in machine shop, real property of $2000, personal property of $500, born in Mass., male citizen of U.D. over age 21
*  Sophia Hildreth - age 34, female, white, house keeping, born Vermont.
*  Hattie Hildreth - age 12, female, attends school, born Mass., attended school within the year

The source citation for the census image is:

1870 United States Federal Census, Worcester County, Massachusetts, Population Schedule, Leominster town: Page 261, dwelling #67, family #86, Edward Hildreth household; digital image, (; citing National Archives Microfilm Publication M593, Roll 654.

I consider the 1870 U.S. Census records to be an "Original Source" (because this "family snapshot" in June 1870 is in its first written form); mostly as "Secondary Information" (since we don't know who provided the information - although it was probably Sophia Hildreth), and as "Indirect Evidence" for most of the information (the exception being the birthplaces, and Edward's occupation which were certainly known by his wife if she was the informant).  

The only obvious errors in this census record (based on what I know about these persons from other records, including birth and marriage records) is Sophia (Newton) Hildreth's age, which probably should be 36 rather than 35 (if other data that says she was born in September 1834 is correct).   

Copyright (c) 2012, Randall J. Seaver

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