Monday, June 24, 2019

Amanuensis Monday -- 1790 Deed of John Parker to Nathan Gates in Gardner, Massachusetts

This week's document for Amanuensis Monday is the 1790 deed of  John Parker selling land to Nathan Gates in Gardner, Massachusetts in the Worcester County, Massachusetts Land Records: 

[Volume 121, pages 432-433]

The transcription of this deed is:

[Volume 121, page 433, starts at top of right-hand page, handwritten portions in italics]

Parker John to Nathan Gates

TO all People to whom these
Presents shall come, Greeting.  Know ye, that I John Parker of Gardner in the County of
Worcester & Commonwealth of Massachusetts yeoman
For and in consideration of the Sum of One hundred & twenty five pounds
to me in Hand before the ensealing hereof, well and truly paid by Nathan Gates of said Gardner
the Receipt whereof I do acknowledge, and myself therewith fully satisfied and con-
tented; and thereof, and of every Part and Parcel thereof, do exonerate, acquit and discharge
him the said Nathan Gates and his
Heirs, Executors, and Administrators, forever by these Presents: HAVE given, granted, bargain-
ed, sold, aliened, conveyed and confirmed; and by these Presents, Do freely, fully, and absolute-
ly give, grant, bargain, sell, aliene, convey and confirm, unto him the said Nathan Gates and his
Heirs and Assigns forever, A certain Messuage or tract of
upland situate lying and being in the abovesaid Gardner and contains sixty two
Acres beginning at a heap of stones thence South 20 deg. West twenty rods to a heap of stones
thence running west 39 rods and a quarter to a heap of stones thence South eighteen degrees 43
rods and a half to a heap of stones thence South 72 degrees West fifty rods to a spruce tree thence
North 18 deg West 90 rods to a beach tree thence running Northwesterly seventy three rods
to a heap of stones thence running North 18 deg West sixteen rods to a hemlock thence
North 72 deg East 80 rods to a stake & stones thence South 18 deg East 68 rods to a beach thence
North 72 deg East 10 rods to where it first began and is part of Lot Number fifty five third di-
vision and part of Lot N^o 111 second division & it bounds easterly on fourth division Southerly
on lot Number fifty five Westerly & Northerly on ____________ & lyeth in the ____ part
of said Gardner.  And also another piece of land containing One Acre & is part of the lot
Number 91 third division and it begins at a hemlock the Northeassterly corner of said lot &
Runs South 40 deg West 21 rods to a hemlock stump thence South four degrees East six
rods to a heap of stones thence East 32 deg North nineteen rods to a heap of stones on the line of said lot
from thence to where it first began ten rods bounding Easterly on lot N^o 111 second division
Northerly on lot N^o 90 third division and every other way on the remaining part of said lot.

Yo HAVE and to HOLD the said granted and bargained Premises, with all the Appurtenances, Priv-
ileges and Commodities to the same belonging, or in any wise appertaining to, to him the said Nathan Gates
his Heirs and Assigns forever.  To his
and their only proper Use, Benefit and Behoof forever.  And I the said John Parker
for myself and my Heirs, Executors and Administrators, do Covenant, Prom-
ise and Grant to and with the said Nathan Gates and his
Heirs and Assigns, that before the ensealing hereof, I am the true, sole and lawful Owner of the
above bargained Premises, and am lawfully seized and possessed of the same in my own proper Right, 
as a good, perfect, and absolute Estate of Inheritance in Fee Simple: and I have in myself good Right
in Manner as aforesaid: And that the said Nathan Gates and his
Heirs and Assigns, shall and may from Time to Time, and at all Times forever hereafter, by Force
and Virtue of these Presents, lawfully, peacably and quietly Have, Hold, Use, Occupy, Possess and
Enjoy the said demised and bargained Premises, with the Appurtenances, free and clear, and freely
and clearly acquitted, exonerated and discharged of, from all and all Manner of former or other Gifts,
Grants, Bargains, Sales, Leases, Mortgages, Wills, Entails, Jointures, Dowries, Judgments, Execu-
tions or Incumbrances, of what Name or Nature soever, that might in any Measure or Degree ob-
struct or make Void this present Deed.

Furthermore, I the said John Parker for myself and
for my self, my Heirs, Executors, and Administrators, do Covenant and Engage the above demised
Premises to him the said Nathan Gates and his
Heirs and Assigns against the lawful Claims or Demands of any Person or Persons whatsoever, forever
hereafter to Warrant, Secure and Defend by these Presents.

In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my
hand and seal this twenty third Day of March One thousand seven hundred and
ninety                                                        John Parker  {seal}
Signed sealed & delivered }  Furthermore Olive Parker Wife of the said John Parker
in presence of us                }  does hereby release all her right of Dowry and power
Abner Holden                    }  of thirds in the above premises In Witness her Hand and
Nathan Jones                     }  and Seal the Day & year above written   Olive Parker {seal}
Samuel Edgel                     }
Worcester ss Westminster March 23, 1790 Personally appeared the above named
John Parker and Acknowledged this instrument to be his free Act and Deed
                                                        Before me  Abner Holden  Justice Peace
Rec^d Sep^t 18^th 1794  Entered and Examined M^r Dan^l Clap  Reg.

The source citation for this recorded deed is:

"Massachusetts, Land Records, 1620-1986," digital images, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, FamilySearch ( : accessed 13 January 2015), Worcester County, "Deeds, 1793-1795, Vol. 120-121," Volume 121, page 433 (images 569 of 677), Deed of John Parker to Nathan Gates, executed 23 March 1790, recorded 18 September 1794.

In this deed, Nathan Gates purchased two tracts of land in Gardner totaling 63 acres from John Parker for 125 pounds.

Nathan Gates (1767-1830), who married Abigail Knowlton (1774-1855) in 1790, is my 4th great-grandfather.  I am descended from their daughter, Abigail Gates (1797-1867) who married Benjamin Seaver (1791-1825) in 1817.


NOTE:  Genea-blogger John Newmark (who writes the excellent  TransylvanianDutch blog) started a Monday blog theme years ago called "Amanuensis Monday."  John offers this definition for "amanuensis:" 

"A person employed to write what another dictates or to copy what has been written by another."

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